OFFICIAL SPORTS WEBSITE OF INDRANIL GHOSH

           

Sun , 21 Oct 2018



SPORTS ANTHROPOMETRY/KINANTHROPOMETRY/WAIST HIP RATIO

                                                               SPORTS ANTHROPOMETRY


MEANING

Anthro – Man
Pometry – Measurement

DEFINITION

A study of measurement of man whether living or dead

 Anthropometry helps to measure both LIVING & DEAD.

        LIVING comprises                             DEAD comprises
        Somatometry                                    Craniometry
  (Measurement of body)                      (Measurement of skull)
         Cephalometry                                  Osteometry       
  (Measurement of head and face)       (Measurement of skeleton)           

SCOPE OF ANTHROPOMETRY
1)    Industry – Useful in formulating standard size of various equipments.
2)    Occupation – To design chair, clothes, helmets, aeroplanes or shape ships etc. as per different human size.
3)    Medicine – Co-relation between different kinds of body, body bulls & disease has been established.
4)    Genetics – Through different types of measurement and idea about the heredity can be given.
5)    Osteometry – Different types of bone measurement.
6)    Craniometry – Skull measurement.
7)    Talent identification

ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENT
1)    Height – Stadiometer/anthropometric rod (cms.)
2)    Body weight – Electronic waying machine (kgs.)
3)    Body fat% - Skinfold caliper (electronic) (unit - % & kg.)
4)    Diameter – Distance between two different bones of the body (wrist diameters) (elbow diameters)(knee & ankle diameter) measured            by sliding caliper (unit mm.)
5)    Circumference – Measurementr of biceps, triceps, thai circumference (unit cm, mm.)        


                                                                KINANTHROPOMETRY


MEANING
Kin – movement or motion
Anthro – man
Pometry – measurement


DEFINITION
According to Carter (1985) – “The Study of human size, shape, proportion, maturation, composition, gross function is known as kin anthropometry”.

APPLICATION / ROLE OF KINANTHROPOMETRY IN SPORTS


1)    It helps to understand growth, performance nutrition.
2)    Useful tool in the hands of sports scientist and physical educationist.
3)    Help to understand various dynamic process and phenomena in life.
4)    Provides a standardized technique for measurement of height, weight, circumference, skin folds, diameter.
Prediction of physique, body fat%, body type, lean body mass of an individual.
5)    Identification of talent in the early age and selection of sports event.

                                                                WAIST HIP RATIO


DEFINITION
Waist hip ratio is the ratio of circumference of the waist to that of the hips.
    It is calculated by measuring the small circumference of the natural waist unusually just above the belly button and dividing by the hip circumference at the widest part of the buttocks/hips. The ratio is applied both to men and women.


           WHR= WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE / HIP CIRCUMFERENCE

1)    The WHR has been word as an indicate or measure of health of a person and the risk of developing serious health condition.
2)    WHR is used as a measurement of obesity.
3)    WHR of women is 0.7 and for men are 0.9 have been shown to correlate strongly with general health and fertility.
4)    WHR has been found to be more efficient predictor of mortality in older people than waist circumference or body mass index (BMI).
5)    The ideal ratio for women is considered to be 0.7.
6)    Other studies have been found that waist circumference, not WHR, to be a good indicator of cardiovascular risks factors body fat   distribution and hypertension in type II diabetes.